Danish [Hum.Psyk.] [Psykologi] [C.G. Jung] [Søren Kierkegaard] [Tycho Brahe] [Danmark] Danish
English [Humanistic Psychology] [C.G. Jung] [Soren Kierkegaard] [Tycho Brahe] [Denmark] English
French [Psychologie analytique de C.G. Jung] [Sites francophones] [Connaître le Danemark] French
[Camus Danish] [Dickens Danish] [Jung Russian] [KAT] [Newspapers ] [N E T R A D I O] [About]

Neft's AstroScientific Tycho Brahe Homepage


© This website is owned and maintained by Flemming Ravn Neft, M.A. & B.A.

Latest update 14-DEC-2008 (ver. 7.75) Stat

Welcome Velkommen Välkommen Wilkommen Bienvenue Bienvenido

Kingdom of Denmark USA France Canada United Kingdom Kingdom om Belgium Germany Kingdom of Norway Kingdom of Sweden Australia Switzerland Kingdom of the Netherlands Italy Suomi-Finland
Empire of Japan Israel Kingdom of Spain Brazil Hong Kong S.A.R. Phillipines India Mexico Austria China Ireland Poland New Zealand Singapore
Romania Republic of South Africa Turkey Greece Czech Republic South Korea Malaysia Portugal Iceland Taiwan Argentina Hungary Kingdom of Morocco Principality of Luxembourg Russia

FLAG chronology according to the overall number of visitors on this web site (Jan. 1999 - March 2005)


Tycho (or Tyge) Brahe was a famous Danish astronomer & astrologer. He was born on the 14th of December 1546 (all dates referred to in this article are of the Julian calendar) at Knudstrup in Scandia (Skåne), then a Danish county (now a part of Sweden). Most of the time, he was brought up by his father's brother, who inscribed him at the University of Copenhagen when he was 13 years old, so that he could study and rhetoric and philosophy. A remarkable sun eclipse, which took place on the 21st of August 1560 made Tycho Brahe aware of the stars, and he began to study astronomical literature, for example Ptolemy.

The journey to Germany

In 1564 he was sent to Leipzig to study law, and Anders Vedel should accompany him as his private teacher. Yet Tycho Brahe had difficulty with his law studies and gave it up. In Leipzig, however, Brahe discovered that the existing planetary tableaux, the so-called Alphonsine and Prutenian tableaux, were not quite in correspondence with the actual positions of the stars in the sky, so he decided to renew these measurements as to contribute with a new basis for astronomy by systematic and meticulous observations. So in Leipzig, he did finish his first self-made astronomical instrument, the so-called Jacob Stave.

Brahe discovers a Supernova

Tycho Brahe came to Wittenberg near Rostock Germany, where he had a vehement argument with another Dane about some new mathematical formulae (parables), which mouthed into a swords duel between the two, where Tycho Brahe had his nose cut of and had to cover the missing 'item' with a copper alloy. He continued his journey to Basel Switzerland and Augsburg Germany. During this journey, he created connections with colleagues within astronomy and chemistry. By returning to Denmark in 1570 he did occupy himself with chemistry, until the his discovery of a new star, a supernova, in the constellation Cassiopeia (on the 11th of November 1572), an event that brought him back to astronomy (*2).

His work De Nove Stella (Copenhagen 1573) made him famous, and since he was discontent with conditions in Denmark, where his marriage with a women of non-nobility was made odious, he went abroad again in 1575, went to Kassel German where he visited Count Wilhelm of Hessen. The latter warmly recommended the Danish King Frederic the IInd to make sure that Tycho Brahe had good possibilities to work within Denmark, thus King Frederic decided to give him the island Hven (situated in Øresund, the belt linking Zealand with Scania).

The observations of Tycho Brahe

On the island Hven, Brahe made build his two famous observatories Uraniborg and Stjerneborg. These observatories were equipped with numerous and costly instruments which for most of them were created and made by Tycho Brahe him self. From these observatories, Brahe studied together with his pupil (whereof the most famous probably is Longomantanus) a long row of magnificent observations of the positions of the Sun, the Moon, planets and fix-stars. This measuring has been vital for astronomy, since Brahe's meticulous construction of instruments and elimination of errors herein, gave these instruments a precision, which was quite unheard of at the time.

Brahe contra Copernicus

In addition to his observatories, Brahe also built up industries on Hven, for instance a paper mill and a book-printing house. Principals and scientists from all countries came to the little island to see these miraculous events that took place there. After the death of Frederic the IInd in 1588, Brahe came into difficulties. The ruthlessness and coincidentiality by which Brahe reigned over these industries, caused the severe government of King Christian the IVth to gradually withdraw Tycho Brahe's privileges. Due to intrigues after the death of King Frederic, Tycho Brahe exiled himself as from 1597.

With his family, his instruments and manuscripts he left Denmark for good. After visiting Rostock and Wandsbeck for a couple of years, he came to Bohemia at the invitation of Habsburg Emperor Rudolf the IInd, who, in 1583, had moved his Court from Vienna to Prague. On personal level, Emperor Rudolf was very interested in mysticism, and anyone claiming an insight into the enigmas and mysteries of the Universe, even such bright souls as foreign astrologers, had the Emperor's vivid ear.

His last days were spent in Prague (*3)

The Emperor's fascination with planetary movements had made him invite Tycho Brahe, who had been famous in Europe since the 1570's, and the Emperor wished to connect Brahe to his Court; the two of them had met already earlier in Germany, and Tycho Brahe even was present in the Vitus Cathedral, when the Emperor was crowned. But it was only in 1599 that Tycho Brahe came to work at the Rudolfine Court together with his assistant Johannes Kepler (*4).

They argued vehemently about Copernicus' Sun oriented system, which Kepler was in favour of, whereas Tycho Brahe to the days of his death maintained that the Earth was the centre of the Universe. Albeit their disagreement, Tycho Brahe rendered all his Life's work to Kepler and recommended him as Court Astronomer. A myth has it that Brahe died of an open bladder (the Court Etiquette did not make it possible to leave the table, until the diners were officially over) - but this myth is very unlikely to be true. Death came unto him on the 24th of Octobre 1601 (Julian style) when he was 54 years old. His unsouled (dead) body is buried at the Tyn Church (Tein) of Prague.

The leavings of Tycho Brahe

The works of Tycho Brahe have been compiled and published in 15 volumes under the title Tychonis Brahe Opera Omnia, published by the Society for Danish Language and Literature. Therein one may find (among many fascinating articles), the three astrological predictions (Nativities) made by Tycho Brahe at the order of King Frederic the IInd at the birth respectively of his three sons. Different people disagree whether Brahe himself actually believed in the interpretation of such astrological charts.

October 2001 marked the 400 year anniversary of Tycho Brahe's death in Prague. He is buried in the heart of the old city of Prague (Staré Mesto) ; and there is a memorial site at his grave at the Tyn Church. On the occasion of this anniversary, the writer Per Šmidl wrote an excellent article from Prague, which was published in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten. The following is an extract thereof:

Brahe's work is still alive (*5)

QUOTE Per Šmidl: "(...) And yet his work is still alive today, four hundred years after Tycho Brahe's death! (...) From a monument in the outskirts of the castle area in Prague, where Tycho Brahe, the a Catholic (*6) stands side by side by his pupil Johannes Keppler (a Protestant), both of them wear long mantles and behold the future, they pioneered through their cooperation.

Scientists they were, in a time, when it still was legitimate to believe in something higher than man, where it was not considered ridiculous, if a scientist as a person combined science and art, astronomy and astrology; where it still was considered important to develop instruments - not only to be able to observe phenomena in the outer world, but also phenomena in the inner.

Where accounting for connections and finding relationships between the bodies of the outer space and the inner star heaven within the human body and mind was the very issue of their doings (...) With his live and with his death, he serves as an example for a sceptic Modernity, reigned by barren opinion-formers (...)," writes Per Šmidl.


(*1) Note: Thanks a lot to Scylla from the USA, Denis Hamel and other nice people for appreciated help and corrections to this web page.

(*2) Note: Many thanks to Søren Puggaard, Denmark, for the specifying the details about the supernova in Cassiopeia (January 2003).

(*3) Note: A part of the information provided in this paragraph stems from Inge Bro-Jørgensen's book in Danish on Prague: "Prag", Copenhagen 1990: Nyt Nordisk Forlag Arold Busck Publ., pp. 113-116.

(*4) Johannes Kepler, later, became a famous astronomer of his own renown when he discovered his famous laws for the planetary moves around the Sun.

(*5) Note: Short extract from an article by the writer Per Šmidl in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten: "Tanker om Tycho", Indblik p. 6, Sunday, October 21st, 2001 ; translated into English by myself.

(*6) Note: I have been told that Tyche Brahe was a Lutheran (like Kepler).


EXCERPTS of an article printed in "Stjernerne"
(Copenhagen 9/1985, pp. 369-373), written by
body therapist, Swami Chandresh M.A. & B.A.
translated by myself into English (permission granted)

Tycho Brahe was a Danish astronomer with international renown. In his time (1546-1601) the old and new paradigms fought one against the other; he could not entirely accept the new paradigm, but he contributed to the new one by his reliable measurings. On the island Hven, he established his observatories received visits by many a learned person from Europe. From not quite clear reasons, he escaped to Prague, where he continued his astronomical and astrological works. The Emperor Rudolf the IInd made him make a list of days of bad luck, which hereafter bore his name Tycho Brahian days. Such days of bad fortune would be:
the 1st, 2nd, 4th, 6th, 11th, 12th, and 20th of January;
the 11th, 17th, and 18th of February; the 1st, 4th, 14th and 15th of March;
the 10th, 17th, and 18th of April; the 7th and 18th of May;
the 6th of June; the 17th and 21st of July; the 20th and 21st of August;
the 16th and 18th of September; the 6th of October;
the 6th and 18 of November; and the 6th, 11th, and 18th of December.
It is, however, rather possible that when enlisting these dates, Tycho Brahe leaned on a very old tradition.

Tycho Brahe and astrology

In non-astrological articles, Tycho Brahe is often presented as having animosity towards astrology, and his precisely drawn chart for King Christian the IVth is understood as a commercial act only. But IT IS NOT TRUE that Tycho Brahe was against astrology. What he disliked, was astrological charlatans (ignorants), which is something else. The Danish culture historic Troels Lund says, that Tycho Brahe gave his Life to the improvement of astrology. And it can be established that at the University of Copenhagen in the winter of 1574-75 he concluded his speech with a lecture on astrology which was formed as a homage to astrology. He quoted the Roman poet Ovid with these words: God has given mankind a face that looks upwards and has commanded us to stay at our feet and turn our eyes upwards to see the stars.

LINK: Read more about the Brahe House (family) of Nobility

To Goodness & Peace

© Flemming Ravn Neft ~ http://neft.homepage.dk/tycho.htm