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© Redigeret af Lektor Flemming Ravn, dobbelt cand.mag. & M.A. ( MAIL) | 3-NOV-2012 (ver. 3.33)

Der er en liste med TEKSTANALYTISKE BEGREBER til lyrik og retorik i engelsk aller nederst...

På dette websted: Home | Engelsk | Engelsk litteratur | Aviser | Engelske verber | Psykologi

INDHOLD: Links to English language literature | Textual analysis

English Language Literature

Virginia Wolf


  • A Glossary of Literary Gothic Terms Definitions
  • The Cambridge History of English
    and American Literature
    Skrevet i 18 bind i årene 1907-1921
  • British & Commonwealth Literary Studies Resources
  • British & Irish Literature Resources
  • British & Irish Authors Resources
  • British Literary studies Resources
  • Victorian British Resources
  • Scottish Writers Projet Resources
  • Writing Scotland Resources
  • Simon Armitage Biography
  • Charles Dickens By Flemming Ravn Neft (på dansk)
  • Charles Dickens By David Perdue
  • The Dickens Fellowship Resources
  • FAY WELDON Flemming Ravn Nefts interview med Fay Weldon, da hun var i Danmark i 2008
  • What the Thunder Said T.S. Eliot Resources
  • T.S. Eliot Resources
  • E.M. Forster (1879-1970) Resources
  • E.M. Forster IInd Resources
  • Graham Greene (1904-1996) Resources
  • Graham Greene Biography
  • Hanif Kureishi Resources
  • Hanif Kureishi Resources
  • Philip Larkin: "This Be the Verse" Et kendt digt
  • Ruth Rendell Resoucers
  • Salman Rushdie Information, Kirjasto, Finland
  • Salman Rushdie Resources
  • Saman Rushdie Resources
  • Oldest ShakespeareSite Resources
  • Shakespeare Resources
  • Zadie Smith Biography
  • J.R.R. Tolkien Resources
  • TolkienSelskabet BRI Copenhagen
  • Virginia Wolf Resources

    James Joyce

    IRELAND (Éire) - Literature

  • IRISH Studies Resources
  • Samuel Beckett (1906-1989) Biography
  • James Joyce (1883-1941) By R.L.Callahan
  • James Joyce Center Antwerp
  • George Bernard Shaw Biography

    OSCAR WILDE (Ireland)

    Anglo-Irish author, dramatist and wit (1856-1900)

  • Words of Wisdom from Oscar Wilde YouTube (3½ min)
  • Oscar Wilde's "The Happy Prince" YouTube (24 min)
  • Irish Authors Held Hostage: Oscar Wilde (Sketch) YouTube (6 min)
  • Det Danske Oscar Wilde Selskab Denmark
  • Oscar Wilde Resources
  • Oscar Wilde More resources

    Paul Auster

    THE USA, CANADA and AUSTRALIA - Literature

  • AMERICAN Literature Resources
  • The Cambridge History of English and American Literature Skrevet i 18 bind i årene 1907-1921
  • American Studies Center Aarhus Universitet
  • Paul Auster Resources
  • James Baldwin Resources
  • William Faulkner Resources
  • Ernest Hemingway Resources
  • To Kill a Mockinbird Resumeer af nogle af kapitlerne på englesk.
  • Ernest Hemingway Biography
  • Christopher Isherwood Resources
  • Toni Morrisonm Kirjasto biography
  • Toni Morrison Resources
  • The Philip Roth Society Resources
  • John Updike Kirjasto biography
  • Walt Whitman Resources
  • Tom Wolfe Resources
  • CANADIAN Literature Resources
  • Well Known Canadian Authors Several links
  • Introduction to Canadian Writers Small articles
  • Canadian Studies Centre Aarhus Universitet
  • Saul Bellow Biography
  • AUSTRALIAN Authors Resources
  • Diverse links Resources

    R.K. Narayan

    INDIA and SOUTH AFRICA - Literature

  • R.K. Narayan General information
  • R.K. Narayan Resources
  • INDIA A Country Study by the Library of Congress (USA)
  • South African Literature Introduction
  • Nadine Gordimer Biography, Kirjasto

    Jamaica Kincaid


  • Edward W. Said and Postcolonial Theory Themes
  • Introduction to Postcolonial Studies Interesting article
  • Chinua Achebe Biography
  • Jamaica Kincaid Biography
  • FEMINISM and Women's Literature Resources
  • Feminism in Literature Female writes and topics
  • Feminism in Literature
  • A Celebration of WOMEN Writers
  • Feminist and Womanist Criticism of African Literature A Bibliography
  • Martin Luther King's bedste taler Dansk site og ressourcer
  • Martin Luther King's famous speech "I Have a Dream"
  • African American Literature 1
  • African American Literature 2
  • Jewish American Literature

  • Tekstanalytiske begreber til lyrik og retorik i engelsk

  • Textual Analysis Strategies

  • Alliteration (da. alliteration): Repetition of closely connected words beginning with the same letter, usually a consonant. It is used to highlight the feeling of sound and movement, to intensify meaning, or to bind words together, e.g. "the burning bushes".

  • Anaphora (da. anafor): The deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive verses, clauses, or paragraphs; for example, “We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills” (Winston S. Churchill). Emphasizing words by repeating them at the beginnings of neighboring clauses.

    In linguistics: An anaphora is the use of a linguistic unit, such as a pronoun, to refer back to another unit, as the use of 'her' to refer to Anne in the sentence "Anne asked Edward to pass her the salt". Anaphora in general is used of coreferential relations, where one element in a sentence takes its meaning or reference from another. In ‘John said that it would rain, but I don't believe it’ the last ‘it’ refers back to what John said.

  • Assonance (assonans, halvrim): Also called 'vowel rhyme'. Assonance is the repetition of similar or identical vowel sounds in non-rhyming words which follow each other, especially when the vowel is stressed, e.g. in a campaign slogan advertising for Hoover vacuum cleaners: It beats as it sweeps as it cleans.

  • Enjambement (enjambement): A line ending in which the syntax, rhythm and thought are continued and completed in the next line, e.g. But in contentment I still feel/ the need of some imperishable bliss.

  • Imagery (billedsprog): Use of pictures, figures of speech and description to evoke ideas feelings, objects, actions, states of mind etc. Thus, imagery is vivid or figurative language, including similes, metaphors and symbols - elements in a literary work used to evoke mental images, visually, sensually and emotionally.

  • Lyric (lyrik, poesi): Originally poetry meant to be sung, accompanied by lyre or lute. Now refers to category of poetry that is short, concentrated in expression, personal in its subject matter, and songlike in quality.

  • Metaphor (metafor): Stems from ancient Greek and means "to carry over" or "transference". A a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to a person, idea, or object to which it is not literally applicable, because the normally do not belong together. Like the simile, is based on a point of similarity between two things; but whereas the simile states that one thing is like another, the metaphor identifies them completely. Thus, "the child chattered like a monkey" is a simile, but "that child is a perfect monkey" is a metaphor. The medieval British poet, John Donne, makes use of metaphor when, in "Twickenham Garden", he writes: And take my tears, which are love’s wine. Read more under "simile vs metaphor".

  • Motif (motiv): A recurrent image, word, phrase, represented object or action that tends to unify the literary work or that may be elaborated into a more general theme. Also, a situation, incident, idea, image, or character type that is found in many different literary works, folktales, or myths.

  • Onomatopoeia (onomatopoetikon): Use of words which echo their meaning in sound, e.g. "snap", crackle" and "pop"!

  • Personification (personificering): Technique of presenting things which are not human as if they were human, e.g. "The Ballad of John Barleycorn"

  • Rap (rap): Popular song form which utilizes several poetic devices, most notably the play of language within a strict rhythmic scheme. As a song form it makes use of rhyme and refrain; punning, improvisation and aphoristic verse are qualities which are also characteristic.

  • Refrain (refræn): A recurring phrase or line, especially at the end of a verse, or appearing irregularly throughout a song or poem. It is used to create unity, to accumulate plot and meaning or to maintain rhythm and melody.

  • Rhyme (rim): The use of words with matching sounds, usually at the end of each line. The use of rhyme often occur in a recurring rhyme scheme. Rhyme is the similarity or identity of terminal sound in words, e.g. in this Limerick (with the rhyme scheme AABBA): There once was an old monk of Basing,
    Whose salads were something amazing;
    But he told his confessor
    That Nebuchadnezzar
    Had given him hints upon grazing.
  • Rhyme scheme (rimmønster): The order in which the lines in a poem rhymes.

  • Simile (simile, sammenligning, lignelse): A simile is a figure of speech which compares two essentially unlike things, and similes are marked by use of the words "like" and "as", e.g. "as light as a feather" or "sleeping like a baby". Similes are not only used in poetry, but also widely in modern literature.

  • Simile vs metaphor (metafor, billede): As mentioned, similes are marked by use of the words "like" and "as". However, an example like "The snow blanketed the earth" is also a simile and not a metaphor because the verb "blanketed" is a shortened form of the phrase "covered like a blanket". --- Metaphors differ from similes in that the two objects are not compared, but treated as identical: The phrase "The snow was a blanket over the earth" is a metaphor. Thus, a simile states that A is like B, a metaphor states that A is indeed B or may substitute B for A. Ordinary language has an abundance of corporeal metaphors - so we may speak of "the legs of a table" or say that "the walls have ears". There are a variety of types of metaphors (see Wikipedia).

  • Stanza (strofe, vers): A unit within a larger poem, another word for verse, an arrangement of lines of verse in a pattern usually repeated throughout the poem.

  • Symbol (symbol): When a word, phrase or image 'stands for' or evokes a complex set of ideas, the meaning of which is determined by the surrounding context, e.g. the sun can symbolize life and energy, a red rose can symbolize romantic love.

  • Symbolism (symbolik): The totality of symbols, metaphors etc. that can be interpreted in a literary text such as a poem or in a speech.

  • Verse (vers, strofe, linie): This word canm have three meanings: 1) a line of metrical writing; 2) a stanza; or 3) poetry in general.


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